What Is Neurosurgery?
It is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of patients with injury to, or diseases/disorders of the brain, spinal cord and spinal column, and peripheral nerves within all parts of the body.
Neurosurgery refers to surgery of the nervous system. The nervous system is made up of two core parts:
- The central nervous system — The brain and spinal cord
- The peripheral nervous system — Nerves that branch off from the spinal cord and go throughout the body.
Neurosurgery could involve surgery on either of these two core sections. For example, surgery on the brain would be a form of neurosurgery. So, would the surgical repair of nerves in the hand.
Neurosurgery is done by neurosurgeons who train and specialize in this unique kind of surgery. A neurosurgeon must graduate from an accredited medical school then complete one year of surgical internship in neurosurgery. After that first year, they must complete a seven-year residency program in neurosurgery.
What Is a Neurosurgeon? What do they do?
A physician who specializes in neurosurgery. Neurosurgeons are not just brain surgeons, they are medically trained neurosurgical specialists who help patients suffering from back and neck pain as well as a host of other illnesses ranging from trigeminal neuralgia to head injury and Parkinson's disease. Dependent upon the nature of the injury or disease a neurological surgeon may provide surgical and/or non-surgical care.